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In Uzbekistan, 85% of the electricity produce heat and power plant due to combustion of fossil fuels – gas, coal and fuel oil. The rest of the accounts for hydroelectric power stations according to UzA.
However, the use of natural gas in industry as a raw material or its export would be of great benefit to the country.
In accordance with the resolution of the President of our country "On the program of measures for the further development of hydropower for 2017-2021" of may 2, 2017, due to the construction of new hydroelectric power plants and technical re-equipment of the existing ones by 2025, it is planned to increase their energy production by 1.7 times compared to 2016.
The population's demand for electricity is increasing. With this in mind, the construction of a nuclear power plant (NPP) in our country will help to stabilize the situation in this area.
On July 10 this year, under the chairmanship of Shavkat Mirziyoyev, a meeting was held on the implementation of organizational and technical measures for the creation of nuclear power. The head of our state gave instructions to act on the basis of the experience of developed countries in the construction of such facilities, to develop technical conditions for the placement of nuclear power plants and the quality of geological exploration.
In this case, the Role of the Institute of nuclear physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan is great. His scientists are among the organizers of the project of construction of nuclear power plants. At the same time, they are responsible for training thousands of specialists in nuclear power plant management and maintenance. In this regard, a number of higher educational institutions of Uzbekistan are planning to open departments of nuclear physics.
It is safe to say that the launch of a nuclear power plant in Uzbekistan will be a factor in the further economic, social and political development of Uzbekistan.
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